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While sunscreen can be an effective and convenient way to protect your skin from harmful ultraviolet rays。(123RF)
While sunscreen can be an effective and convenient way to protect your skin from harmful ultraviolet rays。(123RF)

文/吳約翰

文章一:Known Risks of Sunscreen to Consider

While sunscreen can be an effective and convenient way to protect your skin from harmful ultraviolet rays, there are some potential dangers to be aware of. Some sunscreens contain chemicals that may be harmful to human health or the environment. Additionally, there is some concern that using sunscreen could lead to a false sense of security, causing people to spend more time in the sun than they otherwise would.

It is also important to note that sunscreen use can reduce the production of vitamin D in our bodies. Vitamin D is crucial for strong bones, managing inflammation, and overall health and wellness. To maintain healthy vitamin D levels, some experts recommend spending portions of time in the sun without sunscreen, particularly at midday when the sun is at its highest point.

A peer-reviewed study published in 2021 concluded that many sunscreens don’t provide adequate protection from UVA rays. Further, the SPF listed on sunscreen products’ labels was often incongruent with the study’s findings, with levels in the products meeting just half of the labeled reduction strength.

In addition to aiming for sufficient fatty fish intake, wearing protective clothing, seeking shade, and avoiding prolonged sun exposure during peak hours are safe ways to protect your skin.

1. 根據本文敘述,下列何者關於防晒乳的敘述有誤?

(1)有些防晒乳含化學成分,易損害健康與環境。
(2)使用防晒乳恐減少身體產生維生素D。
(3)根據2021年研究指出,只有少數防晒乳無法抵禦紫外線。
(4)即使擦了防晒乳,也要避免長時間陽光曝晒。

2. 根據本文,除了避免在日正當中長時間曝晒外,還有哪些做法可保護皮膚?

3. 讀完本文後,你有何感想?除了本文提及的防晒方法,你還有哪些特別的個人做法?

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解答:
1.(3)

2. Aiming for sufficient fatty fish intake, wearing protective clothing, and seeking shade are safe ways to protect your skin.(攝取充足的高脂肪魚類、穿著防護衣,及待在陰涼處,都是保護皮膚的安全做法。)

(文章來源:英文大紀元時報) 

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文章二:Foods High in Sun-Protective Fatty Acids

EPA and DHA are two types of omega-3 fatty acids that are commonly found in fatty fish. In addition to their sun-protective benefits。(123RF)EPA and DHA are two types of omega-3 fatty acids that are commonly found in fatty fish. In addition to their sun-protective benefits。(123RF)

EPA and DHA are two types of omega-3 fatty acids that are commonly found in fatty fish. In addition to their sun-protective benefits, EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) are essential for the proper functioning of our bodies, especially our brain and heart health. They are known to have anti-inflammatory properties and may help reduce the risk of various chronic diseases.

According to a review on the photoprotective properties of omega-3 fatty acids, “The richest dietary sources of EPA and DHA are marine animals, with oily fish such as mackerel, sardines, herrings, and salmon containing EPA and DHA at 30–50% of tissue fatty acids.”

So, what are the best fatty fish, nuts, and seeds to eat for a boost in sun protection?

Mackerel: Atlantic mackerel contains 2.5 grams of DHA and EPA in a 100-gram serving.

Salmon: Salmon contains between 1 to 1.8 grams of DHA and EPA in a 100-gram portion, depending on the type of species.

Herring: Herring includes 1.6 to 1.7 grams of DHA and EPA per 100-gram portion.

Cod liver oil: 2.4 grams of DHA and EPA are in a one-tablespoon serving of cod liver oil.

Canned sardines: Sardines contain 1 gram of DHA and EPA per 100-gram portion. A standard tin usually contains around 100 grams.

Flaxseeds, chia seeds, and walnuts: All are rich in ALA, the third type of omega-3 fatty acid. However, the body doesn’t always efficiently convert ALA into DHA and EPA. Only a small amount of ALA is processed effectively to reap the benefits.

1. 根據本文敘述,何者有誤?

(1)亞麻籽或奇亞籽富含EPA和DHA。
(2)深海魚類較其他食物,擁有更多的EPA和DHA。
(3)EPA和DHA是兩種ω-3脂肪酸。
(4)一茶匙鱈魚肝油,富含2.4克的DHA和EPA。

2. 根據本文,EPA和DHA除了有效防晒保護皮膚外,對身體哪些部位也有益?

3. 讀完本文後,你有何感想?文中提到的魚類,哪些已是你的飲食選項?有推薦的烹調做法嗎?

解答:
1.(1)

2. EPA and DHA are essential for the proper functioning of our bodies, especially our brain and heart health.(EPA和DHA對身體正常運作非常重要,尤其在大腦和心臟健康上。)

(文章來源:英文大紀元時報)◇

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